You weren’t alone if you had trouble logging into Spotify, TikTok, or Tinder on Wednesday evening. As reported by The Verge, a backend configuration change on Facebook servers broke a widely used software development kit (SDK).
Developers of these popular apps – and many others – use the Facebook-built SDK to enable account creation and login rather than creating an account using an email address and password. Using a platform account such as Facebook, Twitter, or Google to create an account is referred to as federated login.
While it sounds familiar to enterprise single sign-on (SSO), it differs in account security and management. Single sign-on allows IT managers to restrict application and resource access at the account and group level. Federated login is a consumer-focused system that makes it easier for end users to onboard onto new services or applications.
The initial advantages that federated login delivered were speeding up the sign up time and reducing the number of passwords end users needed to remember (or write down on a sticky note next to their laptop).
The end of federated login
The risks of using federated login have now eclipsed the benefits. If an end user’s social media account is compromised, it could potentially allow a bad actor to access all the apps and services associated with that login.
Beyond that, if an end user decided to close or delete a social media account, it could break their ability to login into your app or service.
Password managers such as LastPass and 1Password have made federated login unnecessary. They provide the same benefit of password reduction that federated login provides, but without the risk of data theft and SDKs breaking functionality.
Password managers also provide browser and OS plugins that enable the quick addition of login credentials. There is no practical difference in speed when it comes to account creation using federated login versus a password manager.
Building secure solutions
Any application or service is only as stable as its weakest link. In 2016, a developer deleted a NPM module and inadvertently broke thousands of projects across the internet. One of the deleted modules included a simple function that pads out the left hand-side of strings with zeros or spaces.
At BitBakery, we work with our clients to build solutions that are not only secure, but future-proof against SDK and shared library changes. We wrote about this back in October, 2019 when Google removed the fingerprint scanner from the Pixel 4. The lack of a working facial recognition API in Android meant that end users couldn’t securely login to their financial apps. Our team constantly monitors trends and issues for our clients to make sure they’re delivering consistent, amazing experiences to their customers.
“It’s always good to remember where you come from and celebrate it. To remember where you come from is part of where you’re going.” – Anthony Burgess
Going to career fairs has always been an interesting experience for our team. It’s inspiring to hear the pitches from other companies. We love learning about how their solutions solve problems for customers around the world.
But our favourite part is always the origin story. How did the company’s founders come upon the problem they are now solving? Like BitBakery, many of these companies started on one path and ended up going down an entirely different one as they grew.
Vidyard started as a video production company who needed a way to securely host videos for business in a way YouTube couldn’t. Today, they’re a leading video marketing platform helping connect businesses and customers.
Shopify started because a couple people selling snownboards couldn’t find a good e-commerce solution. Now they’re competing with Amazon to help retailers and brands around the world sell directly to customers.
At BitBakery, our origin story and our pitch are intertwined. We’re a trusted outsourced development partner for clients across Canada and the US. Our team of developers, designers, and quality engineers work as embedded teams and full tech teams to deliver solutions. It’s important for us that our new team members understand where we came from – and how they’re playing a part on our continued journey.
So how did we get here?
Before BitBakery, our founding team – Wes, Joe, Attila, and Ryan – worked at a mobile app development shop building apps and games for BlackBerry smartphones. Over the years, they discovered two things.
First – they really liked working together.
Second – more and more work was coming in from other companies looking for help. This ranged from mobile app to web development. Sometimes it was a project to build a full solution for a client. Other times it was near the end of a project and a client needed a full-stack developer for a two-month stint. The team also found themselves cleaning up projects that had been outsourced offshore and weren’t up to speck.
In 2014, the team realized that building apps for themselves wasn’t what they wanted to do anymore. Helping clients deliver solutions had become what they wanted to do full-time – and that’s the beginning of BitBakery.
We don’t often tell this story at career fairs – but we do like to share why our team loves what they do at BitBakery. Edson joined us in October after moving to Canada from Brazil. For Edson, it’s the variety of work that is exciting. “We do like everything and that’s cool because we do software development for so many different sizes of clients.” Another advantage of working at BitBakery is the technology stacks we work with. “For me it’s just fun to learn new things. So for me it is a big plus,” said Edson.
Marcel, one of our full-stack developers, is currently working on an embedded developer project with a Kitchener-based innovation lab. “When a client is low on developers or just need advice from experienced developers, they talk to us,” said Marcel. “We can fit their needs and just figure out the best way to help.”
One of the people you’ll meet at the BitBakery booth is Nur, our Director, Customer Relations. “From React Native to Node JS to Angular, we develop in newer stacks so we can do things quickly for our clients,” said Nur. “Everything that we do is pretty nimble.”
Contact us today to learn more about how our team can help you deliver amazing customer experiences.
Are you a developer or designer and BitBakery sounds like the place for you? Check out our career page to learn more about working at BitBakery and where you fit.
For many of us, our time at university or college is where we discover what we want to do as our careers begin. It was in her fourth year studying civil engineering that our newest BitBaker, Diana Valdes, discovered her first career step would be into an entirely different area of study – user experience and interaction design.
Born in Colombia and raised right here in Kitchener, Valdes joined the BitBakery team in December as our Software QA Engineer. Even with her career change, Valdes continued her studies and earned her degree in civil engineering from the University of Waterloo in 2019. “I really liked studying civil engineering, but I wanted to work in something where I could make a more direct and dynamic impact on people’s life.”
After a well-deserved vacation touring South East Asia, Valdes returned to Kitchener and began her job search. In the fall, Valdes attended the Partnerships for Employment Career Fair organized by the University of Guelph, University of Waterloo, Wilfrid Laurier University and Conestoga College. Valdes stopped by our booth and made an impression on our team.
We were looking for someone with her enthusiasm and openness to learning for the Software QA Engineer role. For Valdes, it was a great opportunity as her previous co-ops had all been in civil engineering and construction. “This role helps me learn a lot about all aspects of software development,” Valdes said. “It’s like a bootcamp for tech!”
Valdes sees BitBakery’s focus on continuous learning as a way for her to start exploring user experience processes, tools, and theories. “UX can have a positive impact on people’s lives. I love digging into what users actually want and working to make it easier and better.” Valdes attended this month’s uWaterloo meetup to hear from Faire’s Robin Bigio and Davis Neable, UX Director at Manulife.
The discussion was perfect timing for Valdes. “What I remember the most about the talk was the discussion about leadership and management,” added Valdes. “Great leadership should be helping your team not just on the next project, but also to achieve the ‘next big thing’ in their career.”
We’re excited to have Diana on our team and look forward to helping her achieve her next big thing. Interested in learning more about how we work at BitBakery? Check out our career page to learn more.
There was major news in the world of web browsers last week. Microsoft released a major update to their Microsoft Edge browser that replaces their own EdgeHTML engine with Google’s Chromium engine. It’s a massive shift for Microsoft and a significant increase in Google’s leadership of the web’s core technologies.
Our team here at BitBakery has been putting this latest Chromium-based Microsoft Edge release through its paces over the last week. Here’s what we think so far.
Simplified development and QA testing
Developers and QA testers know one universal truth of building for the web – just because something works in one browser, doesn’t mean it will work in every browser. An awesome animation built with JQuery works great in Chrome but remains motionless in Internet Explorer – yes, we’ve all been there. Moving to Microsoft Edge to be Chromium-based means more consistency in how frameworks function. Developers will find the same level of support in Microsoft Edge as they do in Google Chrome when building web apps.
The built-in Developer Tools within Microsoft Edge are also very close to those provided in Google Chrome. This means there’s no additional time needed to get familiar with a new set of dev and debugging tools.
Browser deployment and security
Google Chrome has a whopping 69% share of the browser market. If you’re developing consumer websites and applications, the new Chromium-based Microsoft Edge could potentially reduce the complexity of your dev and QA processes since it shares its core engine with Google Chrome.
Microsoft Edge is the successor to Microsoft Internet Explorer which dominated large enterprise companies for years. If your company still uses Microsoft Internet Explorer, well, Microsoft really wants you to stop. From a security and stability standpoint, Microsoft Internet Explorer has not been updated in a few years, potentially exposing your systems and data to malicious attacks. If you have internal web apps that require Microsoft Internet Explorer, Edge offers an IE11 compatibility mode for Windows that should allow those internal web apps to function. This feature isn’t available in Microsoft Edge on macOS.
The future of the world wide web
While the move to Chromium is great for developers, it does continue to solidify Google’s dominance when it comes to web standards. This increased market share means Google has an even stronger hand in directing which frameworks and tools have support.
Apple’s Safari browser and Mozilla’s Firefox are now the only two major non-Chromium browsers on the market. For developers and testers, there’s still a need to include these in your planning. There have been rumors of a switch to Chromium for Apple’s Safari, but for now the company has said they have no plans in the works.
As a trusted source for outsourced development, BitBakery is adding the latest Microsoft Edge releases to our testing plans. We’re here to answer any questions you have about this or any other outsourced development question.
Our office in downtown Kitchener sits next to 100-year-old industrial buildings. Decades ago, they were rubber plants, banks, tanneries, and tire makers. Today they’re apartments, retail, and office spaces. Companies like Vidyard, Google, Encircle, and Shopify make their homes in these landmarks. These brick and beam office space tend to remind us of the change in our community.
We’re accustomed to change. Changes in industry, markets, and the ways we work and learn.
adaption to change in the ways we work and learn was a key theme of a
recent event here. The Communitech Breakfast series brought economist
Linda Nazarath to town for a talk. Local leaders and change makers were
there to learn about these coming changes and how to act on them. “We’re
at a turning point. But unlike other times, we have an opportunity to
control it,” said Nazarath.
Wes Worsfold, our CEO, and Nur Ipek, our Director, Customer Relations were in attendance. Here’s their key take-aways:
Balance We’re seeing a change in where and when we work — and the importance of a balanced life.
the 1700s, early gig workers like millers, bakers, and coopers moved
from project to project. The Industrial Revolution and mass
manufacturing created the need for an in-house workforce.
Today, we’re seeing a return to gig working. People choose when and where they want to work. This results in a ‘hustle’ culture.
watching doesn’t get a project completed on schedule. And, creative,
productive work is not defined by a 9–5 workday,” said Wes. “At
BitBakery, we strive to create real harmony between work and life. To do
this, we provide our team with the most flexibility to achieve what
they want to do — both professionally and personally.”
office has core hours for standups and meetings. But outside of those
core hours, our team can work when they need to explained Wes. Have
school drop off in the morning? Gym class at 4? Some of our team also
work from home when they need or want to. Using tech like Slack, Zoom
and JIRA allows us to stay connected even when we’re not in the office
We let our employees take care of their personal needs so when they’re working, they’re 100% focused.
Workforce management Working with BitBakery gives our customers the opportunity to flex the size of their team based on project demands.
projects have a natural ebb and flow of development. But this can be
difficult to manage when you have full-time workforce and overhead.
According to Nazareth, only 50% of a full-time employee’s cost is their
salary. The rest is benefits, equipment, training, software licensing
and other soft costs.
are also limited when managing these teams. You can’t add team members
when you need to and it is difficult to manage when you need to reduce
the size of your team.
team management, we find that many of the projects we work on looked at
as special initiative. These are projects outside the core skill sets
of our customers’ current teams. At BitBakery, we act as a one-stop shop
for ideation, design, building, testing, and go-to-market needs. Using
BitBakery as your trusted outsourced development provider means we can
handle the coordination and procurement of the talent your project
needs. We provide the entire scope of services — our customers get the
project done without extra management headaches.
We’re always learning Our
final take-away from Nazareth’s talk was on the importance of
continuous learning. The rapid change in technology means workplaces
can’t rely on traditional professional development.
BitBakery, we know that courses and conferences can be valuable. Our
team has budget to attend learning events, workshops, conferences and
courses. It’s a valuable benefit and a great recognition of the
importance of learning.
that though, we find that there’s great value in experiential,
in-the-moment learning. BitBakers spend an average of an hour a day in
learning activities. We focus on documenting and sharing our learnings
as we work.
also make time to work on individual and team projects to learn new
technologies. Earlier this year, we set aside Friday afternoons for a
month to work on a smart contract project. We designed and developed a
smart contract app for charities. It was a great learning experience for
us on smart contracts, blockchain (Etherum and Solidity),
and cryptocurrency. Everyone on our team had a hand in developing the
solution from ideation to wireframes to coding and testing.
What’s next? Contact us today to learn more about the ways we can help you with trusted outsourced development.
Continuous learning is one of our core values. Every BitBaker brings their own unique experience to deliver for our customers’ projects.
Once a month, we get the team together for a lunch and learn series we call Knowledge Nibbles. We bring in catering from one of our favourite locals and take turns presenting a subject to the team.
The October learning session was lead by BitBakers Marcel Rusu and Pablo Morales. They presented an intro to functional programming with lunch from the Lancaster Smokehouse.
As a provider of outsourced software development, we work with a lot of different stacks. Two different customers might even use the same framework, but use different versions. We use continuous learning to build a deep understanding of the frameworks we use.
“You can learn a lot more by developing an understanding of the technology first.” said Pablo. “If you’re just running around asking questions because you don’t know the answers and not making time to learn, you’re not growing as much as you could be.”
Marcel has been following the concept of functional programming for a few years now. Both Marcel and Pablo studied computer science at Wilfrid Laurier University. “He kept talking to me about functional programming in second year and I didn’t really get it until I finally had the chance to work with React.” said Pablo.
Their talk focused on two principles of functional programming: declarative programming and immutability. Declarative programming is a shift from telling the program “what to do” instead of “how to do it”. You focus on the flow and structure of data before you type in your first line of code. Declarative programming makes it easier to see how data flows through your code. You’re also less likely to make simple errors that occur when you swap variables.
Marcel and Pablo chose the topic because of its rapid adoption in the industry. “What’s interesting is that web is leading this. It’s almost a decade ahead of mobile for moving into declarative.” Marcel feels that many people still have trouble explaining functional programming. “Many people use functional programming in frameworks like Angular and React, but I think it’s still hard for many front end devs to easily answer ‘what is functional programming?’”
Before diving into functional programming, Marcel recommends asking why are you using it. What benefits does it offer your development team?
“It’s really important to understand the technologies we use,” said Pablo. “We use a lot of different frameworks, and it’s important to build a deep understanding of them. Three months ago, I wouldn’t be comfortable explaining things to the team. Now I feel like I can really help Marcel and Edson.”
Marcel and Pablo both agreed that getting a chance to present was rewarding. “We’re both pretty passionate about talking and sharing. It’s exciting to do that here at BitBakery.” said Marcel.
we all know change is a constant, it can still be jarring when it
happens. As a business. you want to minimize the impact of that change
on your customers as much as possible. A consistent app experience —
whether on mobile or on the web — is paramount for keeping your
customers happy and your customer service calls down.
your customer upgrades to the latest phone, they expect all their apps
to work the same. Unfortunately, there are times where the manufacturer
makes a change that impacts your app experience. The most recent example
of this is with a change in the Google Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL. Previous
versions of Google’s flagship phone included a fingerprint scanner for
biometric security. With the Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL, Google replaced the
fingerprint scanner with a facial recognition scanner.
As reported in Digital Trends,
this caught many financial institutions off guard. Customers who have
come to depend on the security of fingerprint scanning now found
themselves only able to login to secure services with a traditional
password. Those once biometric-secure applications were now back to
using a system many customers were not comfortable using.
a trusted partner for outsourced development, BitBakery is constantly
monitoring device, browser, and operating system developments to ensure
your solutions work consistently for your customers. In the Pixel 4 and
Pixel 4 XL example, we let our customers whose apps relied on
fingerprint scanning know about the potential impact. We’re also already
working on getting client apps ready for the next Android update that
adds in seamless support for devices that use either fingerprint or
it’s a full MVP or support for a project with a virtually embedded
team, BitBakery works with you to make sure you continue to provide an
amazing experience for your customers.
Finding and hiring great tech talent isn’t just a problem in Silicon Valley. It’s an issue wherever your company is located – and it’s one companies here in Waterloo Region struggle with every day.
Sometimes you have to go looking for talent outside your postal code – Toronto, Hamilton- even Ottawa. There are times when you have to search a little farther – and it was one of these searches that lead us to Indaiatuba, Brazil and our newest BitBaker – Edson Mesquita.
Earlier this year, we participated in a recruiting event run by Vancouver-based VanHack called VanHack Leap. Hosted at the Communitech Hub, VanHack Leap brought 15 developers from around the world to meet Waterloo Region tech companies. It was a great way to meet developers who we would never normally get a chance to meet. Once a connection is made, VanHack works to arrange for the necessary visas and helps with moving arrangements.
Edson, his wife, and his cat landed in Canada in late September and they’re getting settled in to life in Kitchener. Edson is from Indaiatuba which is located outside São Paulo. If you’re like me, you’re asking why someone would move from warm Brazil to soon to be winter Canada. “Well, Canada is a first world country, it’s polite and chill and I feel I am the same way,” said Edson.
Edson also was looking to work with a smaller company that worked on big projects – and that’s just what BitBakery is. “I prefer smaller companies where you can get to know everyone you work with,” added Edson.
It wasn’t just our team size either – it was our taste in burgers, specifically Union Burger in Downtown Kitchener. “It felt like destiny,” said Edson, “it was one of the first places I ate at here in Kitchener and then I find out that the team orders from there weekly.”
Moving to a new city can be difficult – moving to a new country is an entire order of magnitude harder – but Edson has a plan on how to meet people. “I love board games, they are great ways to meet people.” He’s picked a good place too – with our local board game cafes like Games on Tap, The Adventurers Guild, and The Round Table.
While education and healthcare are important for Edson and his wife, the quality of living and proximity to Toronto were also factors in deciding on Kitchener. “Indaiatuba is the same distance to São Paulo as Kitchener is to Toronto,” added Edson, “I’d rather live in a small, tight community that’s close to big events and sports.”
As for why Canada over other international destinations, “…you go to other places to be rich, you go to Canada to be happy.”
Have you ever had that experience where you’re looking at buying a new car (or any major purchase really) and you start to see that car everywhere you go?
Over the weekend, Attila Schmidt, our Director of User Experience, and I attended Fluxible 2019 here in Waterloo. Over the two days of the conference, we couldn’t help but to see the impact user experience has on our daily lives.
Fluxible is celebrating eight years of bringing user experience professionals together to look at the present and future of user interaction design. Fluxible isn’t just a conference – it’s a week long series of brown bag lunch meetups and site tours around Waterloo Region that leads up to two days of speakers from around the world at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) building in Waterloo.
Fluxible is a unique conference. It’s a user experience conference organized and run by user experience practitioners – including conference founders Mark Connolly and Robert Barlow-Busch. While the conference is a paid ticket, they offer free daily brown bag lunch meetups and evening activities during the week to bring more people into the conversations.
Here’s our top three takeaways from our time at Fluxible 2019 –
Stop saying “you’re not using it right”. You designed it wrong.
Setting the stage for one of our favourite talks, Fluxible organizers gave the conference’s first content warning before a talk. Based in London, Ontario, emergency physician Tarek Loubani works with the Glia Project who design high-quality, low-cost, open source medical hardware that can be manufactured anywhere.
Loubani talked about the harrowing work he and others do as volunteer emergency physicians in Gaza. Tools we take for granted, such as stethoscopes and tourniquets, are the difference between life and death in areas like Gaza. The Glia Project has produced a $3 version of the world’s best selling $300 stethoscope that can be 3D printed that works just as well (and in some cases better) than the $300 model.
Loubani’s talk focused on design problems with the tourniquet. One of the problems was the packaging. Based on price, a bag was chosen that opened at the bottom instead of at the top by the cardboard product tag. This confused physicians in the field whose cognitive memory of consumer packaging has you always try to open at the top. This added a five-second delay to the time it took to open the package – critical time when trying to treat a patient. We see unintended problems like this often when startups design MVPs using the Lean Startup method.
There was also feedback from the field that tourniquets were breaking – but the response was that they were not being used right. Loubani experience three out of four tourniquets breaking during his last time working in Gaza and was able to get the tourniquets re-designed. The original design had them working at four turns and breaking at five – but in the field under gunfire, physicians and volunteer EMTs were not counting. The re-engineered tourniquets can now support five times the force that is needed to work correctly.
Everything that is going to be invented will need design.
Fifteen years ago, no one specialized in designing interfaces for a five inch piece of glass that your touched with your finger. Ten years ago, interaction designers hadn’t begun to get into the intricacies of designing voice interactions for a cylinder that sits next to your couch.
Zendesk’s Principal Designer Bill DeRouchey opened his talk with a look at how much technology can change during our careers. For those at their mid-career (~45 year-olds), technologies like the world wide web, mobile phones, and cloud computing hadn’t been invented when they began their careers. Over the last 20 years, these technologies have become commonplace – and user experience design has played a major role in how we use them every day.
He then went through a laundry list of technologies emerging today; synthetic reality, deep fakes, autonomous vehicles, drones, 3D printing, nanotechnology, and material science to name a few. These are all technologies that will need to be designed – and the user experience professionals at their early-career (~25 year-olds) will be the ones who shape these interactions.
DeRouchey’s advice: learn one new topic every month. His suggestion is to omit July and December for holidays and focus on ten topics a year. We’re going to start a “tech topic book club” and meet once a month to discuss our own deep dives into a new topic.
There’s no “right question”.
If you’ve ever done a user research session, you’ve most likely spent more time than you’d like to admit coming up with the perfect questions. Meena Kothandaraman, a senior strategist at Boston-based twig+fish, challenged attendees to stop doing that – and instead focus on how we can get people to open up and share all the interesting nuggets, experiences, and insights that are what we really need.
Kothandaraman shared a few great ways that we can provide participants with platforms to help them articulate their thoughts – and create a fun and engaging space for them to do it.
“It’s your job as a researcher to get people comfortable to start talking,” said Kothandaraman, “the right question is ‘share your answer’”.
One way is by giving the user an empathy map and letting them take the time to complete it. Instead of starting with what you are interested in, let them start from whatever point they feel is important to them. An empathy map can also become a great shared artifact for both you and the user to continue to write on during the interview.
Later in the day, Carolyn MacGregor took the stage to share her favourite research tool – “the fly on the wall”. MacGregor is the Associate Chair Undergraduate Studies, Systems Design Engineering at the University of Waterloo and identifies herself as an introvert. For her, “the fly on the wall” is her way of observing users to get their full, honest experience. Like Kothandaraman, MacGregor wants to give the user the freedom to express their feedback without judgement.
Fluxible is not a conference where you come out with new tools to apply in daily practice. Instead, the speakers at Fluxible ask you to look at the emerging patterns in user experience design – and what those changes mean to the ethos of user experience.
We’d love to hear what your takeaways from Fluxible were – let us know in the comments.
What do cheeseburgers and outsourced development have in common?
Today happens to be both National Cheeseburger Day and a scheduled weekly review meetings with one of our clients. Our client develops financial and human services software and are based in New York City. We’ve been supporting their outsourced development needs with a virtually embedded team out of our office in Kitchener-Waterloo.
We provide virtually embedded teams for clients who need additional development support for their internal projects. Virtually embedded teams are set up from the start to provide the security and privacy that our clients would expect from onsite, full-time employees.
Once an engagement begins, we provide dedicated developers for the length of the project. In most engagements, our developers use secure connection to the client’s specification to access their networks. For a few high security projects, our clients provide development hardware for our developers to use.
We suggested a burger lunch to our client to celebrate a few development milestones — and National Cheeseburger Day too. They picked up lunch at one of their favourites and our developers Ryan and Brad picked up burgers from Union Burger, our go-to spot in Downtown Kitchener.
Like any remote employee or team, it’s always a great idea to find ways to connect. There are great tools available to make working remote as good as being in the office. For video conferencing, we use Zoom.us, Webex, Google Meet and Skype — just to name a few. Being remote doesn’t mean you can’t drop by someone’s desk to ask a quick question either. Tools like Google Hangouts, Slack and Flowdoc make real-time conversation a snap.
While we think video conference calls are great, video conference calls with a tasty burger are even better.